Oskar Kokoschka was born on March 1, 1886 in Pöchlarn on the Danube. He studied at the Vienna School of Applied Arts and worked from 1907 in the Wiener Werkstätte. His travels took him to North Africa and the Middle East, which was reflected in his large city views and landscape paintings. His early work "The Dreaming Boys" weas characterized by the linear style of the Vienna Secession Europe because of his collaboration on "storm" international recognition as an important representative of expressionism. Kokoschka became a British citizen and settled down in London in 1947. On the occasion of his 80th birthday, numerous honors and exhibitions took place in Salzburg, Zurich, Stuttgart, New York, and Karlsruhe. In 1975 Kokoschka again became an Austrian citizen. Oskar Kokoschka died on 22 February 1980 in Villeneuve in Switzerland.