Robin Christian Andersen was born on the 17th of July 1890 in Vienna. His first teacher was his Danish father Christian Georgius Andersen, after being taught by him he visited the painting schools Scheffer and Bauer (Strehblow) in Vienna. He undertook extensive study trips to Italy with his friend and later brother-in-law Anton Faistauer. Andersen was a member of the new art group (Neukunstgruppe) in Vienna, which also included Oskar Kokoschka, Anton Kolig, Egon Schiele, and Anton Faistauer. In 1919, Andersen became a member of the Salzburger Künstlerbund "Der Wassermann", founded by his brother-in-law Anton Faistauer, 1922 member of the Hagenbund and in 1932 the Secession.
From 1945 onwards he was a proper professor at the Academy of Fine Arts. His students included Kurt Absolon, Joannis Avramidis, Giselbert Hoke, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, and Anton Krejcar. He received numerous awards: the Silver State Prize Medal, Gold Medal Künstlerhaus, as well as the Prize of the City of Vienna for Painting and Graphics. His works are in the Austrian Gallery, in the Albertina, and in the Historical Museum of the City of Vienna. Above all, Andersen's oeuvre includes still lives and landscapes, in which he increasingly turned to a constructive representation principle in a strictly controlled, interlocking use of color and form. "Robin Christian Andersen died on January 13, 1969 in Vienna.